3 types of business

3 types of business,What You Need to Know

3 Types of Business Organizations: What You Need to Know

If you are thinking of starting a business, you need to choose a legal structure that suits your goals and needs. The legal structure of your business will affect how you operate, how you pay taxes, and how you protect yourself from liabilities. In this article, we will explain the three most common types of business organizations in the U.S.: sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation.

1. Sole Proprietorship

A sole proprietorship is the simplest and most common type of business organization. It is a business that is owned and operated by one person, who is also the sole owner of all the assets and liabilities of the business. A sole proprietorship does not create a separate legal entity from the owner, which means that the owner is personally responsible for all the debts and obligations of the business. The owner also reports the income and expenses of the business on their personal tax return.

Some advantages of a sole proprietorship are:

– It is easy and inexpensive to set up and maintain.
– It gives the owner full control and flexibility over the business decisions.
– It allows the owner to keep all the profits of the business.

Some disadvantages of a sole proprietorship are:

– It exposes the owner to unlimited personal liability for the business debts and lawsuits.
– It may limit the ability to raise capital from investors or lenders.
– It may end when the owner dies or retires.

2. Partnership

A partnership is a business that is owned and operated by two or more people, who are also known as partners. There are different types of partnerships, such as general partnerships, limited partnerships, and limited liability partnerships, which have different rules and implications for the partners. However, in general, a partnership is an agreement between the partners to share the profits and losses of the business, as well as the management and decision-making authority. A partnership does not create a separate legal entity from the partners, which means that each partner is personally liable for the debts and obligations of the business, unless otherwise specified in the partnership agreement. The partners also report their share of the income and expenses of the business on their personal tax return.

Some advantages of a partnership are:

– It is relatively easy and inexpensive to set up and maintain.
– It allows the partners to pool their resources, skills, and expertise for the benefit of the business.
– It offers more flexibility and creativity than a corporation.

Some disadvantages of a partnership are:

– It exposes each partner to unlimited personal liability for the business debts and lawsuits, as well as for the actions of other partners.
– It may cause conflicts or disagreements among the partners over the management or direction of the business.
– It may end when a partner dies, withdraws, or retires.

3. Corporation

A corporation is a business that is created as a separate legal entity from its owners, who are also known as shareholders. A corporation has its own rights and responsibilities, such as entering into contracts, owning property, suing or being sued, and paying taxes. A corporation is governed by a board of directors, who are elected by the shareholders to oversee the management and direction of the business. A corporation can issue shares of stock to raise capital from investors or lenders. The shareholders are not personally liable for the debts or obligations of the corporation, but they may lose their investment if the corporation fails. The corporation reports its income and expenses on its own tax return, and may also pay dividends to its shareholders.

Some advantages of a corporation are:

– It limits the personal liability of the shareholders for the business debts and lawsuits.
– It allows for greater access to capital from investors or lenders.
– It offers more stability and continuity than a sole proprietorship or a partnership.

Some disadvantages of a corporation are:

– It is more complex and costly to set up and maintain than a sole proprietorship or a partnership.
– It is subject to more regulations and compliance requirements than a sole proprietorship or a partnership.
– It may face double taxation on its income and dividends.

 Types of Business Organizations

There are different ways to run a business, each with its own legal structure and rules. In this blog post, we will look at three common types of business organizations: sole proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations.

 Sole Proprietorships

A sole proprietorship is a business that is owned and operated by one person. The owner has full control over the business and is responsible for all its profits and losses. The owner also shares the same identity as the business, which means that the owner is personally liable for any debts or obligations of the business. A sole proprietorship is easy and inexpensive to set up, and has few regulation requirements. However, it also offers the least amount of financial and legal protection for the owner. According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), sole proprietorships are the most common form of business in the U.S., accounting for about 73% of all businesses in 2018 .

 Partnerships

A partnership is a business that is owned by two or more people, called partners. Partners share the profits and losses of the business according to their agreement. Partnerships can take advantage of flow-through taxation, which means that the income of the business is treated as the owners’ income and taxed only once. However, partners are also jointly and severally liable for the debts and obligations of the business, unless they form a limited liability partnership (LLP). There are different types of partnerships, such as general partnerships, limited partnerships, and LLPs, each with its own advantages and disadvantages . According to the IRS, partnerships made up about 8% of all businesses in the U.S. in 2018 .

 Corporations

A corporation is a business that is legally separate from its owners, called shareholders. A corporation can own property, enter into contracts, sue and be sued, and issue shares of stock. A corporation offers limited liability protection for its shareholders, which means that they are not personally responsible for the debts or obligations of the business. However, a corporation is subject to double taxation, which means that the income of the business is taxed at the corporate level and then again at the shareholder level when dividends are distributed. There are different types of corporations, such as C corporations, S corporations, and nonprofit corporations, each with its own tax and legal implications . According to the IRS, corporations accounted for about 19% of all businesses in the U.S. in 2018 .

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