Top 10 Agricultural Exporting Countries In The World

Top 10 Agricultural Exporting Countries In The World

10 Countries That Dominate the Global Agricultural Export Market

Are you curious about which countries are the top exporters of agricultural products in the world? Do you want to know what factors make them successful in this sector? If yes, then this article is for you. Here, we will explore the top 10 agricultural exporting countries in the world, based on the latest data from the World Trade Organization (WTO). We will also discuss some of the challenges and opportunities they face in this competitive and dynamic market.

The top 10 agricultural exporting countries in the world, according to the WTO, are:

Key Takeaways

The United States is the largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, followed by Brazil and the Netherlands.

The main factors that influence the performance of agricultural exports are land area, climate, natural resources, technology, infrastructure, research, innovation, quality, sustainability, efficiency, diversification, value addition, market access, and policy support.

The main challenges that affect agricultural exports are trade disputes, environmental regulations, labor shortages, climate change impacts, land degradation, deforestation, social inequality, corruption, political instability, economic volatility, inflation, debt problems, policy uncertainty, aging farmers, urbanization, consumer preferences, Brexit implications, tradetop 10 agricultural exporting countries in the world.

1. United States

The United States is the largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $134.8 billion in 2020. The country has a diverse and productive agricultural sector, with major exports including soybeans, corn, wheat, cotton, beef, pork, poultry, dairy products, fruits, nuts, and vegetables. The United States benefits from its large land area, advanced technology, efficient infrastructure, and strong research and innovation capabilities. However, it also faces some challenges such as trade disputes, environmental regulations, labor shortages, and climate change impacts.


As a Rexcer.com seller, you get more than just a storefront on a Global Marketplace.
You get an end-to-end platform of wholesale services that helps you grow your business and provide your customers with a service.
Here’s how to get started

GET STARTED


2. Brazil

Brazil is the second-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $87.2 billion in 2020. The country is a leading producer and exporter of sugarcane, soybeans, coffee, orange juice, beef, poultry, corn, and tobacco. Brazil has a favorable climate, abundant natural resources, and a large domestic market. However, it also faces some challenges such as land degradation, deforestation, social inequality, corruption, and political instability.

3. Netherlands

The Netherlands is the third-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $81.3 billion in 2020. The country is a major exporter of flowers, vegetables, cheese, meat, eggs, dairy products, potatoes, and processed foods. The Netherlands has a small land area but a high population density and a strategic location in Europe. It has a highly developed and innovative agricultural sector, with a focus on quality, sustainability, and efficiency. However, it also faces some challenges such as environmental pressures, animal welfare issues, and competition from other countries.

4. China

China is the fourth-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $72.7 billion in 2020. The country is a major exporter of garlic, ginger, apples, pears, tea, rice, fishery products, and processed foods. China has a large land area, a huge population, and a fast-growing economy. It has a diverse and modernizing agricultural sector, with a focus on food security, self-reliance, and market expansion. However, it also faces some challenges such as resource constraints, pollution, food safety issues, and trade tensions.

5. Germany

Germany is the fifth-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $71.4 billion in 2020. The country is a major exporter of pork, cheese, beer, wine, bread, chocolate, and processed foods. Germany has a strong and stable economy, a high standard of living, and a central location in Europe. It has a sophisticated and diversified agricultural sector, with a focus on quality, innovation, and competitiveness. However, it also faces some challenges such as aging farmers, urbanization, climate change impacts, and consumer preferences.

6. Argentina

Argentina is the sixth-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $65.4 billion in 2020. The country is a leading producer and exporter of soybeans, corn, wheat, sunflower seeds, beef, wine, and biodiesel. Argentina has a vast land area, a temperate climate, and rich soil. It has an export-oriented and dynamic agricultural sector, with a focus on productivity, diversification, and value addition. However, it also faces some challenges such as economic volatility, inflation, debt problems, and policy uncertainty.

7. France

France is the seventh-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $60.8 billion in 2020. The country is a major exporter of wine, cheese, wheat, barley, beef, poultry, dairy products, and processed foods. France has a large land area, a diverse climate, and a rich cultural heritage. It has an influential and prestigious agricultural sector, with a focus on tradition, quality, and protection. However, it also faces some challenges such as declining competitiveness, social protests, environmental concerns, and Brexit implications.

8. Canada

Canada is the eighth-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $56.1 billion in 2020. The country is a major exporter of canola wheat, pork, lentils, peas, maple syrup, and fishery products. Canada has a huge land area, a cold climate, and abundant natural resources. It has a resilient and diversified agricultural sector, with a focus on innovation, sustainability, and market access. However, it also faces some challenges such as trade barriers, climate change impacts, labor shortages, and infrastructure gaps.

9. India

India is the ninth-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $38.5 billion in 2020. The country is a major exporter of rice, spices, cotton, tea, sugar, fruits, and vegetables. India has a large land area, a tropical climate, and a huge population. It has a vibrant and diverse agricultural sector, with a focus on food security, poverty reduction, and rural development. However, it also faces some challenges such as low productivity, water scarcity, soil degradation, pests and diseases, and post-harvest losses.

Tip

To succeed in the global agricultural export market, it is important to produce high-quality products that meet the demand and preferences of the consumers, comply with the regulations and standards of the destination markets, and adopt innovative and sustainable practices that enhance competitiveness and resilience.

10. Spain

Spain is the tenth-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, with a value of $37.8 billion in 2020. The country is a major exporter of olive oil, wine, citrus fruits, tomatoes, pork, and fishery products. Spain has a medium land area, a Mediterranean climate, and a rich history. It has a modern and competitive agricultural sector, with a focus on quality, diversity, and adaptation. However, it also faces some challenges such as aging farmers, water stress, climate change impacts, and market fluctuations.


Rexcer.com offers wholesale distributors and manufacturers a simple and economical way to grow their business online,

Digitize your business: it’s easy to generate B2B sales on Rexcer

sell to today’s global B2B buyers at any time, anywhere.

GET STARTED


Top 10 Agricultural Exporting Countries in the World

According to the World Trade Organization, the top 10 agricultural exporting countries in the world in 2020 were:

  • United States – $134.8 billion
  • Brazil – $87.2 billion
  • Netherlands – $81.3 billion
  • China – $72.7 billion
  • Germany – $71.4 billion
  • Argentina – $65.4 billion
  • France – $60.8 billion
  • Canada – $56.3 billion
  • India – $39.1 billion
  • Indonesia – $37.9 billion

These countries accounted for more than half of the global value of agricultural exports, which reached $1.7 trillion in 2020.

Global Demand for Agricultural Products

The global demand for agricultural products is influenced by various factors, such as population growth, income levels, dietary preferences, climate change, trade policies, and market shocks. Some of the trends and challenges that affect the demand for agricultural products are:

  • Population growth: The world population is projected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, which will increase the demand for food, especially in developing regions such as Africa and Asia.
  • Income levels: As income levels rise, especially in emerging economies such as China and India, consumers tend to diversify their diets and demand more animal products, fruits, vegetables, and processed foods.
  • Dietary preferences: Consumers are also becoming more aware of the health and environmental impacts of their food choices, and some are shifting to more plant-based, organic, or sustainable diets.
  • Climate change: Climate change poses significant risks and uncertainties for agricultural production and trade, as it affects crop yields, water availability, pest and disease outbreaks, and extreme weather events.
  • Trade policies: Trade policies can facilitate or hinder the flow of agricultural products across borders, depending on the level of tariffs, subsidies, quotas, standards, and regulations imposed by different countries or regions.
  • Market shocks: Market shocks such as pandemics, conflicts, natural disasters, or geopolitical tensions can disrupt the supply and demand of agricultural products, causing price volatility and food insecurity.

The Future of Agricultural Trade

The future of agricultural trade will depend on how these factors evolve and interact in the coming years. Some of the possible scenarios and implications are:

Increased trade liberalization

If countries agree to reduce trade barriers and enhance cooperation on agricultural issues, this could lead to more efficient allocation of resources, lower prices for consumers, higher incomes for producers, and greater food security for all.

Increased trade protectionism

If countries adopt more restrictive trade measures and engage in trade disputes or wars, this could lead to higher costs for consumers, lower profits for producers, reduced competitiveness, and increased food insecurity for some regions or groups.

Increased trade diversification

If countries diversify their sources and destinations of agricultural products and explore new markets and opportunities, this could lead to more resilience to shocks, more innovation and adaptation, and more inclusive growth and development.

Frequently Questions:

Q1: What are the benefits of agricultural exports?
A: Agricultural exports can generate income, create jobs, enhance food security, improve trade balance, and foster economic growth for the exporting countries.

Q2: What are the challenges of agricultural exports?
A: Agricultural exports can face challenges such as price volatility, quality standards, trade barriers, transportation costs, environmental impacts, and social issues for the exporting countries.

Q3: Which country is the largest importer of agricultural products in the world?
A: According to the WTO, China was the largest importer of agricultural products in the world in 2020, with a value of $133.1 billion, followed by the European Union with $128.6 billion, and the United States with $127.6 billion.

Q4: Which region is the largest exporter of agricultural products in the world?
A: According to the WTO, North America was the largest exporter of agricultural products in the world in 2020, with a value of $205.2 billion, followed by Europe with $191.4 billion, and South America with $144.7 billion.

Q5: Which product is the most traded agricultural product in the world?
A: According to the WTO, soybeans were the most traded agricultural product in the world in 2020, with a value of $61.9 billion, followed by wheat with $43.4 billion, and corn with $39.8 billion.

References:

http://faostat.fao.org/Portals/_Faostat/documents/pdf/FAOSTAT-Forestry-def-e.pdf

https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FO/visualize

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Share-of-the-major-countries-in-sturgeon-production-A-Share-of-the-major-countries-in_fig2_348296880

https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize

http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QV

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/BX.GSR.GNFS.CD?most_recent_value_desc=true

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.EXP.GNFS.CD?locations=IR

https://www.statista.com/statistics/1332329/leading-countries-worldwide-by-value-of-agricultural-products-exported/

https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/agricultural-exports-by-country

https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/100615/4-countries-produce-most-food.asp



Sell on Rexcer.comReach millions of B2B buyers globally

JOIN NOW


Essential Topics You Should Be Familiar With:

  1. top 10 agricultural exporting countries in the world
  2. top agricultural exporting countries
  3. top 10 wheat exporting countries
  4. top 10 vegetable exporting countries
  5. top 10 sugar exporting countries
  6. largest agricultural exporter in the world
  7. top wheat exporter in the world
  8. rice exporting country in the world
  9. top wheat exporting countries
  10. top rice exporting countries