Top Ten Wheat Producing Countries

Top Ten Wheat Producing Countries

10 Countries That Produce the Most Wheat in the World

Wheat is a staple food for millions of people around the world. It is the second most consumed cereal after rice and the most traded crop globally. Wheat is used to make various products such as bread, pasta, cereal, pastries, and more. But which countries produce the most wheat in the world? Here are the top 10 wheat producing countries based on data from 2020.

1. China: 134,254,710 tons

China is the world’s largest wheat producer, accounting for about 18% of the global wheat production in 2020. China grows wheat mainly in the North China Plain, the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, and the Loess Plateau. China consumes most of its wheat domestically to meet its rising food demand.


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2. India: 107,590,000 tons

India is the second-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 14% of the global wheat production in 2020. India grows wheat mainly in the Indo-Gangetic Plain, covering the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh. India also exports some of its wheat to neighboring countries such as Bangladesh and Nepal.

3. Russia: 85,896,326 tons

Russia is the third-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 11% of the global wheat production in 2020. Russia grows wheat mainly in the Volga region, the Central Black Earth region, and the Southern Federal District. Russia is also the largest wheat exporter in the world, exporting about 38 million tons of wheat in 2020.

4. United States: 49,690,680 tons

The United States is the fourth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 7% of the global wheat production in 2020. The United States grows wheat mainly in the Great Plains region, covering the states of Kansas, North Dakota, Montana, Oklahoma, Texas, and Nebraska. The United States also exports about 26 million tons of wheat annually to various countries such as Mexico, Japan, Philippines, and Egypt.

5. Canada: 35,183,000 tons

Canada is the fifth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 5% of the global wheat production in 2020. Canada grows wheat mainly in the Prairie provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Canada also exports about 24 million tons of wheat annually to various countries such as Indonesia, China, Japan, and Bangladesh.

6. France: 30,144,110 tons

France is the sixth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 4% of the global wheat production in 2020. France grows wheat mainly in the regions of Hauts-de-France, Grand Est, Centre-Val de Loire, and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. France also exports about 18 million tons of wheat annually to various countries such as Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, and Belgium.

7. Pakistan: 25,247,511 tons

Pakistan is the seventh-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 3% of the global wheat production in 2020. Pakistan grows wheat mainly in the provinces of Punjab and Sindh. Pakistan consumes most of its wheat domestically to meet its food security needs.

8. Ukraine: 24,912,350 tons

Ukraine is the eighth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 3% of the global wheat production in Ukraine grows wheat mainly in the regions of Poltava, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhia, and Odessa. Ukraine also exports about 17 million tons of wheat annually to various countries such as Egypt, Indonesia, China, and Turkey.

9. Germany: 22,172,100 tons

Germany is the ninth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 3% of the global wheat production in 2020. Germany grows wheat mainly in the regions of Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Bavaria, and Baden-Württemberg. Germany also exports about 6 million tons of wheat annually to various countries such as Algeria, Netherlands, Italy, and Spain.

10. Turkey: 20,500,000 tons

Turkey is the tenth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a share of about 3% of the global wheat production in 2020. Turkey grows wheat mainly in the regions of Central Anatolia, Southeastern Anatolia, and Eastern Anatolia. Turkey also imports about 7 million tons of wheat annually from various countries such as Russia, Ukraine, Canada, and Kazakhstan.


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Top Ten Wheat Producing Countries

Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops in the world, used for making bread, pasta, cereal, and many other food products. Wheat production is influenced by many factors, such as climate, soil, irrigation, pests, diseases, and trade policies. In this article, we will look at the top ten wheat producing countries in the world, based on the data from 2020.

China

China is the world’s largest wheat producer, with a total output of 134.3 million tonnes in 2020. China accounts for about 18% of the global wheat production and 19% of the global wheat consumption. China grows mainly winter wheat in the northern and central regions, where the climate is suitable for wheat cultivation. China also imports wheat from other countries to meet its domestic demand and to maintain its strategic reserves.

India

India is the second-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 98.5 million tonnes in 2020. India accounts for about 13% of the global wheat production and 16% of the global wheat consumption. India grows mainly spring wheat in the northern and central regions, where the climate is favorable for wheat cultivation. India also exports wheat to neighboring countries and to Africa and the Middle East.

Russia

Russia is the third-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 85.9 million tonnes in 2020. Russia accounts for about 11% of the global wheat production and 7% of the global wheat consumption. Russia grows mainly winter wheat in the southern and western regions, where the climate is suitable for wheat cultivation. Russia is also the largest wheat exporter in the world, exporting about 38.5 million tonnes of wheat in 2020.

United States

The United States is the fourth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 47.4 million tonnes in 2020. The United States accounts for about 6% of the global wheat production and 5% of the global wheat consumption. The United States grows mainly spring wheat in the northern and central regions, where the climate is favorable for wheat cultivation. The United States also exports wheat to many countries, especially to Mexico, Japan, and South Korea.

Canada

Canada is the fifth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 35.2 million tonnes in 2020. Canada accounts for about 5% of the global wheat production and 2% of the global wheat consumption. Canada grows mainly spring wheat in the western and central regions, where the climate is suitable for wheat cultivation. Canada is also a major wheat exporter in the world, exporting about 24.6 million tonnes of wheat in 2020.

France

France is the sixth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 30.1 million tonnes in 2020. France accounts for about 4% of the global wheat production and 3% of the global wheat consumption. France grows mainly winter wheat in the northern and central regions, where the climate is favorable for wheat cultivation. France also exports wheat to many countries, especially to Algeria, Morocco, and Belgium.

Pakistan

Pakistan is the seventh-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 25.2 million tonnes in 2020. Pakistan accounts for about 3% of the global wheat production and 4% of the global wheat consumption. Pakistan grows mainly spring wheat in the northern and central regions, where the climate is suitable for wheat cultivation. Pakistan also imports wheat from other countries to meet its domestic demand.

Ukraine

Ukraine is the eighth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 24.9 million tonnes in 2020. Ukraine accounts for about 3% of the global wheat production and 2% of the global wheat consumption. Ukraine grows mainly winter wheat in the southern and western regions, where the climate is favorable for wheat cultivation. Ukraine is also a major wheat exporter in the world, exporting about 17.5 million tonnes of wheat in 2020.

Germany

Germany is the ninth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 22.2 million tonnes in 2020. Germany accounts for about 3% of the global wheat production and 2% of the global wheat consumption. Germany grows mainly winter wheat in the northern and central regions, where the climate is suitable for wheat cultivation. Germany also exports wheat to many countries, especially to the Netherlands, Italy, and Poland.

Turkey

Turkey is the tenth-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 20.5 million tonnes in 2020. Turkey accounts for about 3% of the global wheat production and 3% of the global wheat consumption. Turkey grows mainly winter wheat in the central and eastern regions, where the climate is favorable for wheat cultivation. Turkey also imports wheat from other countries to meet its domestic demand.

References:

https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize

http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC/

http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC/

http://faostat3.fao.org/

https://web.archive.org/web/20160910234716/http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/download/Q/QC/E

http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=567

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/08/top-10-countries-produce-most-wheat/
https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/wheat-production-by-country
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/08/top-10-countries-produce-most-wheat/
https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/wheat-production-by-country



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