types of commerce

types of commerce,7 Types You Should Know About

7 Types of Commerce You Should Know About

Commerce is the exchange of goods and services between two or more parties. It is a vital activity for any economy, as it facilitates trade, creates jobs, and generates wealth. Commerce can be classified into different types based on various criteria, such as the nature of the goods and services, the mode of delivery, the level of intermediation, and the geographical scope. In this article, we will explore seven types of commerce that you should know about.

B2B (Business-to-Business) Commerce

B2B commerce is the type of commerce where businesses sell goods and services to other businesses. For example, a manufacturer may sell raw materials to a wholesaler, who then sells them to a retailer. B2B commerce is usually characterized by large volumes, long-term contracts, and high levels of customization. B2B commerce can also involve online platforms, such as Alibaba and Amazon Business, that connect buyers and sellers across different industries and regions.


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B2C (Business-to-Consumer) Commerce

B2C commerce is the type of commerce where businesses sell goods and services directly to consumers. For example, a retailer may sell clothes, electronics, or groceries to customers in a physical store or through an online platform. B2C commerce is usually characterized by low volumes, short-term transactions, and high levels of competition. B2C commerce can also involve social media platforms, such as Facebook and Instagram, that enable businesses to reach and engage with potential customers.

C2B (Consumer-to-Business) Commerce

C2B commerce is the type of commerce where consumers sell goods and services to businesses. For example, a freelancer may offer graphic design, writing, or programming services to a business through an online platform. C2B commerce is usually characterized by low barriers to entry, flexible pricing, and high levels of innovation. C2B commerce can also involve crowdsourcing platforms, such as Kickstarter and Indiegogo, that enable consumers to fund and support new products and projects.

C2C (Consumer-to-Consumer) Commerce

C2C commerce is the type of commerce where consumers sell goods and services to other consumers. For example, a person may sell their used items, such as books, clothes, or furniture, to another person through an online platform. C2C commerce is usually characterized by low costs, peer-to-peer interactions, and high levels of trust. C2C commerce can also involve sharing economy platforms, such as Airbnb and Uber, that enable consumers to rent or share their assets, such as rooms, cars, or bikes.

B2G (Business-to-Government) Commerce

B2G commerce is the type of commerce where businesses sell goods and services to government agencies. For example, a construction company may bid for a public infrastructure project, such as a road, bridge, or airport. B2G commerce is usually characterized by high standards, complex regulations, and long procurement processes. B2G commerce can also involve e-government platforms, such as Gov.uk and USA.gov, that enable businesses to access information and services from government agencies.

G2B (Government-to-Business) Commerce

G2B commerce is the type of commerce where government agencies sell goods and services to businesses. For example, a tax authority may collect taxes from businesses or provide tax incentives for certain activities. G2B commerce is usually characterized by high authority, strict compliance, and low transparency. G2B commerce can also involve open data platforms, such as Data.gov and Eurostat, that enable government agencies to share data and information with businesses.

G2C (Government-to-Consumer) Commerce

G2C commerce is the type of commerce where government agencies sell goods and services directly to consumers. For example, a postal service may deliver letters and parcels to customers or provide online tracking services. G2C commerce is usually characterized by high responsibility, public interest, and low satisfaction. G2C commerce can also involve digital citizenship platforms, such as MyGov.in and eCitizen.go.ke , that enable government agencies to provide online services and communication channels to citizens.

These are some of the types of commerce that you should know about. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages for the parties involved. By understanding the different types of commerce, you can better identify your target market, choose your business model, and optimize your marketing strategy.


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Types of Commerce and Their Global Demand

Commerce is the exchange of goods and services between different parties. There are four types of commerce: Business to Consumer (B2C), Business to Business (B2B), Consumer to Business (C2B), and Consumer to Consumer (C2C) .

B2C Commerce

B2C commerce is the most common type of commerce, where businesses sell products or services directly to consumers. Examples of B2C commerce include online retail, travel booking, food delivery, and streaming services. According to Statista, B2C e-commerce sales worldwide reached $4.28 trillion in 2020 and are expected to grow to $5.4 trillion by 2022 . B2C commerce is driven by the increasing use of mobile devices, social media, voice assistants, and quick delivery options.

B2B Commerce

B2B commerce is the type of commerce where businesses sell products or services to other businesses. Examples of B2B commerce include cloud computing, software as a service, digital marketing, and wholesale trade. According to Statista, B2B e-commerce sales worldwide amounted to $21.8 trillion in 2018 and are projected to reach $25.4 trillion by 2024 . B2B commerce is driven by the need for efficiency, cost reduction, innovation, and customization.

C2B Commerce

C2B commerce is the type of commerce where consumers sell products or services to businesses. Examples of C2B commerce include freelance platforms, online surveys, crowdfunding, and user-generated content. According to Statista, C2B e-commerce sales worldwide were estimated at $1.1 trillion in 2019 and are expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 17% from 2020 to 2027 . C2B commerce is driven by the rise of the gig economy, the demand for user feedback, the popularity of social media influencers, and the availability of online payment methods.

C2C Commerce

C2C commerce is the type of commerce where consumers sell products or services to other consumers. Examples of C2C commerce include online marketplaces, peer-to-peer lending, online auctions, and car sharing. According to Statista, C2C e-commerce sales worldwide reached $1.6 trillion in 2020 and are forecasted to grow to $1.9 trillion by 2024 . C2C commerce is driven by the growth of online platforms, the preference for second-hand goods, the trust in online reviews, and the environmental awareness.

References:

https://books.google.com/books?id=ZKhZTqkqfkEC

https://books.google.com/books?id=WPDbSXQsvGIC

https://www.statista.com/statistics/379046/worldwide-retail-e-commerce-sales/
https://www.statista.com/statistics/1107083/global-b2b-e-commerce-gross-merchandise-volume/
https://www.statista.com/statistics/1123217/incidence-of-purchase-of-digital-commerce-types/
https://www.statista.com/statistics/227614/value-of-worldwide-customer-to-customer-e-commerce/
https://www.wallstreetmojo.com/commerce/

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/commerce.asp

https://www.shopify.com/encyclopedia/what-is-ecommerce

https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/5085-types-of-e-commerce-businesses.html



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