what is business to business,7 Reasons Why Business to Business

what is business to business

7 Reasons Why Business to Business is Essential for Export Management

Business to business (B2B) is a term that describes the exchange of goods or services between two or more businesses, rather than between businesses and consumers. B2B transactions are common in many industries, such as manufacturing, wholesale, and professional services. B2B can also refer to the marketing strategies and techniques that businesses use to reach other businesses as potential customers or partners.

In this article, we will explore what B2B is, how it differs from business to consumer (B2C), and why it is essential for export management. We will also provide some examples of successful B2B companies and practices.

What is B2B?

B2B is a type of business model that involves selling products or services to other businesses, rather than to individual consumers. For example, a company that produces steel may sell its products to another company that manufactures cars, or a software company may sell its solutions to another company that provides IT services.


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B2B transactions can take place at different levels of the supply chain, such as:

– Raw materials: These are the basic materials that are used to produce other products. For example, a mining company may sell iron ore to a steel manufacturer.
– Components: These are the parts that are used to assemble a final product. For example, a battery manufacturer may sell batteries to a smartphone maker.
– Finished products: These are the products that are ready for use by the end-user. For example, a furniture company may sell desks and chairs to an office supplier.
– Services: These are the activities that are performed by one business for another. For example, a consulting firm may offer advice and guidance to a client company.

B2B transactions can also involve different types of relationships, such as:

– One-time: These are the transactions that occur once and do not require ongoing interaction. For example, a construction company may buy cement from a supplier for a specific project.
– Recurring: These are the transactions that occur regularly and require continuous communication and coordination. For example, a retailer may buy clothes from a wholesaler every month.
– Strategic: These are the transactions that involve long-term collaboration and mutual benefit. For example, a car manufacturer may partner with a technology company to develop autonomous vehicles.

How is B2B different from B2C?

B2C is another type of business model that involves selling products or services directly to individual consumers, rather than to other businesses. For example, a restaurant may sell food and drinks to its customers, or an online store may sell books and games to its shoppers.

B2B and B2C differ in several aspects, such as:

– Customer base: B2B typically has fewer but larger customers than B2C. For example, a B2B company may have hundreds of clients, while a B2C company may have millions of customers.
– Decision-making process: B2B usually involves more complex and longer decision-making processes than B2C. For example, a B2B purchase may require multiple stakeholders, approvals, negotiations, and contracts, while a B2C purchase may be based on impulse, emotion, or personal preference.
– Marketing strategy: B2B generally relies more on rational and factual marketing messages than B2C. For example, a B2B marketer may emphasize the features, benefits, and value proposition of their product or service, while a B2C marketer may appeal to the emotions, needs, and desires of their target audience.
– Customer relationship: B2B often requires more trust and loyalty than B2C. For example, a B2B seller may need to establish credibility, expertise, and reputation with their buyers, while a B2C seller may need to offer convenience, variety, and satisfaction with their products.

Why is B2B essential for export management?

Export management is the process of planning, executing, and controlling the export activities of a business. Export management can help businesses expand their markets, increase their revenues, diversify their risks, and gain competitive advantages.

B2B is essential for export management because it can help businesses:

– Access new opportunities: B2B can help businesses find new customers or partners in foreign markets that have high demand for their products or services. For example, a software company may sell its solutions to another company that operates in multiple countries.
– Reduce costs: B2B can help businesses lower their production or operational costs by outsourcing or sourcing from other businesses that offer lower prices or higher quality. For example, a clothing company may buy fabrics from another company that has lower labor costs or better technology.
– Enhance innovation: B2B can help businesses improve their products or services by collaborating or learning from other businesses that have more expertise or experience. For example, a medical device company may partner with another company that has more research and development capabilities.
– Manage risks: B2B can help businesses mitigate the risks of exporting, such as currency fluctuations, trade barriers, or legal issues, by sharing or transferring them to other businesses that have more knowledge or resources. For example, a manufacturing company may hire another company that has more logistics or compliance skills.


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Examples of successful B2B companies and practices

There are many examples of successful B2B companies and practices in various industries and markets. Some of them are:

– Alibaba: Alibaba is a Chinese e-commerce platform that connects millions of buyers and sellers across the world. Alibaba offers a range of B2B services, such as online marketplaces, payment systems, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence.
– IBM: IBM is an American technology company that provides hardware, software, and services to other businesses in various sectors, such as finance, healthcare, and education. IBM is known for its innovation and leadership in areas such as data analytics, blockchain, and quantum computing.
– Salesforce: Salesforce is an American software company that offers cloud-based solutions for customer relationship management (CRM) and other business functions. Salesforce helps businesses manage their sales, marketing, service, and collaboration activities.
– HubSpot: HubSpot is an American software company that offers tools and resources for inbound marketing and sales. HubSpot helps businesses attract, engage, and delight their customers through content creation, social media, email marketing, and web design.
– Slack: Slack is an American software company that offers a platform for team communication and collaboration. Slack helps businesses communicate effectively, share files, integrate applications, and create workflows.

What Is Business-to-Business (B2B)?

Business-to-business (B2B) is a form of transaction or business that is conducted between two or more companies, rather than between a company and an individual consumer. B2B transactions are common in the supply chain, where one company purchases raw materials, components or products from another company to use in its manufacturing process or to resell to other businesses. B2B transactions can also involve services, such as accounting, marketing, consulting or cleaning.

Global Demand for B2B Industry

The global demand for B2B industry is expected to grow steadily in the coming years, driven by factors such as digital transformation, e-commerce, globalization, innovation and sustainability. According to a report by Grand View Research, the global B2B e-commerce market size was valued at USD 12.2 trillion in 2020 and is projected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.5% from 2021 to 2028. The report also states that the Asia Pacific region accounted for the largest share of the global B2B e-commerce market in 2020, followed by North America and Europe. The report attributes the growth of the B2B industry to the increasing adoption of cloud-based solutions, artificial intelligence, blockchain, internet of things and big data analytics by B2B companies to enhance their efficiency, productivity and customer experience.











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