5 World’s Largest Food Exporters
Food is one of the most essential commodities in the world, and the global trade of food products is worth billions of dollars every year. Some countries have a comparative advantage in producing and exporting certain types of food, while others rely on imports to meet their domestic demand. In this article, we will look at the five world’s largest food exporters , based on the data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
1. United States
The United States is the world’s biggest food exporter, accounting for 17% of global exports in 2020. It exports a wide variety of food products such as soybeans, wheat, corn, meat, dairy, fruits, nuts, and beverages. The main destinations for US food exports are China, Canada, Mexico, Japan, and the European Union. The US has a large and diverse agricultural sector, with advanced technology, infrastructure, and logistics. It also benefits from favorable trade agreements and subsidies that support its farmers and exporters.
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China follows closely behind with 12% of global exports in 2020, mainly exporting rice, fruits, vegetables, fish, tea, and spices. China is also the world’s largest producer of many food products, such as pork, eggs, tomatoes, apples, and garlic. China has a huge domestic market for food consumption, but it also exports to many countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America. China’s food exports have grown rapidly in recent years, thanks to its improved quality standards, competitive prices, and expanding trade networks.
Brazil is the third-largest food exporter in the world, with 9% of global exports in 2020. It is the world’s top exporter of soybeans, sugar cane, coffee, beef, poultry, orange juice, and ethanol. Brazil has a vast and fertile land area, with diverse climatic conditions and natural resources. It also has a strong agribusiness sector, with efficient production systems and innovation. Brazil’s main markets for food exports are China, the European Union, the United States, and other Latin American countries.
India is the fourth-largest food exporter in the world, with 7% of global exports in 2020. It is the world’s leading exporter of rice, as well as a major exporter of wheat, millet, spices, tea, fruits, vegetables, dairy, and seafood. India has a large and diverse agricultural sector, with millions of smallholder farmers and cooperatives. It also has a growing food processing industry that adds value to its raw products. India’s main destinations for food exports are the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Africa, and Europe.
The Netherlands is the fifth-largest food exporter in the world, with 6% of global exports in 2020. It is the world’s top exporter of potatoes, as well as a major exporter of cheese, flowers, meat, eggs, dairy, and vegetables. The Netherlands has a small but highly productive agricultural sector that relies on high-tech farming methods such as greenhouses, hydroponics, and vertical farming. It also has a strategic location that allows it to access many markets in Europe and beyond.
These are the five world’s largest food exporters in 2021 according to FAO data. They have different strengths and advantages in producing and exporting various types of food products to meet the global demand. They also face different challenges and opportunities in the changing trade environment due to factors such as climate change , pandemics , tariffs , sanctions , and consumer preferences .
World’s Largest Food Exporters
The United States: A Leader in Food Exports
The United States is the world’s largest exporter of food, accounting for more than 10% of total global exports in 2020. The US exports a wide variety of food products such as soybeans, wheat, corn, fruits, nuts, meat and dairy. The US has a highly productive and diversified agricultural sector that benefits from advanced technology, research and innovation. The US also has a large domestic market that provides a stable demand for its food products. The main destinations for US food exports are China, Canada, Mexico, Japan and the European Union.
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China: A Rising Power in Food Trade
China is the second-largest exporter of food in the world, with a share of 12% of global exports in 2018. China mainly exports rice, fruits, vegetables, tea, fish and seafood. China has a huge population that consumes a large amount of food, making it also the largest importer of food in the world. China has been increasing its food production and trade in recent years, as it seeks to ensure its food security and meet the changing preferences of its consumers. China’s main markets for its food exports are Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, the United States and Vietnam.
Brazil: A Major Producer of Tropical Crops
Brazil is the third-largest exporter of food in the world, with a share of 9% of global exports in 2018. Brazil is a major producer of tropical crops such as sugar cane, coffee, soybeans, oranges, bananas and cocoa. Brazil also exports beef, poultry, pork and ethanol. Brazil has a favorable climate and abundant land and water resources that enable it to grow a variety of crops throughout the year. Brazil’s main destinations for its food exports are China, the European Union, the United States, Japan and Iran.
India: A Diverse and Growing Food Exporter
India is the fourth-largest exporter of food in the world, with a share of 7% of global exports in 2018. India exports a diverse range of food products such as rice, wheat, spices, sugar, tea, fruits, vegetables and dairy. India has a large and growing population that consumes most of its food production, making it also one of the largest importers of food in the world. India has been expanding its food production and trade in recent years, as it aims to improve its food security and increase its income from agriculture. India’s main markets for its food exports are Iran, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bangladesh and Nepal.
The world’s largest food exporters are the United States, China, Brazil and India. These countries produce and trade a variety of food products that meet the demand of their domestic and international markets. The global food trade is influenced by factors such as population growth, income levels, consumer preferences, climate change and trade policies. The future of food trade will depend on how these countries and others can balance their food production and consumption with their environmental and social impacts.
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