Canadian Grain Exports

Canadian Grain Exports

7 Reasons Why Canadian Grain Exports Are Booming in 2022

Canada is one of the world’s leading producers and exporters of grains, such as wheat, barley, oats, flax and canola. In 2021, the Canadian grain industry generated a record $32.2 billion in farm cash receipts, with exports also setting a record by value at more than $24.5 billion. What are the factors behind this impressive performance? Here are seven reasons why Canadian grain exports are booming in 2022.

1. High global demand for grains

The world population is growing and so is the demand for food, especially grains. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), global cereal consumption is expected to reach 2,790 million tonnes in 2021/22, up 1.9 percent from the previous year. The main drivers of this increase are higher feed use, especially in China, and higher food use in Africa and Asia.

2. Favourable weather conditions

Canada has a diverse and vast geography that allows for the production of different types of grains in different regions. In 2021, Canada had favourable weather conditions that resulted in high yields and good quality crops. For example, wheat production reached 35.2 million tonnes, up 41.5 percent from 2020, while canola production reached 22.5 million tonnes, up 29.8 percent from 2020.

3. Competitive prices and exchange rates

Canada’s grains are highly valued in the international market for their quality and consistency. Canada also benefits from competitive prices and exchange rates that make its grains more attractive to foreign buyers. For example, in 2021, the average price of wheat was $282 per tonne, up 25 percent from 2020, while the average price of canola was $639 per tonne, up 52 percent from 2020. The Canadian dollar also depreciated against the US dollar by 3 percent in 2021, making Canadian grains cheaper for US buyers.

4. Strong trade relationships and agreements

Canada has established strong trade relationships and agreements with many countries around the world, especially in Asia, Europe and North America. These agreements provide preferential access and lower tariffs for Canadian grains in these markets. For example, Canada is a member of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), which covers 11 countries that account for 40 percent of Canada’s grain exports. Canada is also a member of the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), which covers 28 countries that account for 20 percent of Canada’s grain exports.

5. Innovation and sustainability

Canada is a leader in innovation and sustainability in the grain sector. Canadian farmers use advanced technologies and practices to improve their productivity and efficiency, while reducing their environmental impact. For example, Canadian farmers use precision agriculture, biotechnology, crop rotation and integrated pest management to optimize their inputs and outputs. Canadian farmers also follow strict regulations and standards to ensure the safety and quality of their grains.

6. Diversification and value-added products

Canada is not only exporting raw grains, but also diversifying its product portfolio and adding value to its grains. Canada produces and exports various processed and refined products, such as flour, malt, oil, meal and ethanol. These products have higher margins and demand than raw grains. For example, in 2021, Canada exported 3 million tonnes of wheat flour, up 12 percent from 2020, while exporting 2 million tonnes of canola oil, up 18 percent from 2020.

7. Government support and investment

The Canadian government supports and invests in the grain sector to enhance its competitiveness and growth. The government provides various programs and services to help farmers manage risks, access markets, innovate and adapt to changing conditions. For example, the government invests $4.4 million to increase access to Canada’s high-quality grain products globally through market development activities, such as trade missions, trade shows and technical workshops.

These are some of the reasons why Canadian grain exports are booming in 2022. Canada has a strong reputation and position in the global grain market that it can leverage to further expand its opportunities and benefits.

Canadian Grain Exports: Trends and Prospects

Canada is one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of grains, such as wheat, barley, oats, and canola. In this blog post, we will look at some statistics and facts about the Canadian grain industry, its global market share, and its future opportunities and challenges.

Wheat Exports: A Major Source of Income

Wheat is Canada’s most important crop in terms of production and export value. According to the Canadian Grain Commission, Canada produced 35.2 million tonnes of wheat in the 2021-22 crop year, of which 25.4 million tonnes were exported. The export value of wheat was $8.9 billion, accounting for 36.4% of the total value of Canadian grain exports.

Canada is the world’s second-largest exporter of wheat, after Russia, with a market share of 14.5% in 2021. Canada mainly exports high-quality wheat varieties, such as hard red spring wheat and durum wheat, which are used for making bread, pasta, and other products. Canada is by far the major exporter of this type of wheat, and its average annual exports amount to nearly three million tonnes, or 48% of total world exports.

Barley Exports: A Growing Demand

Barley is another important crop for Canada, both for domestic consumption and export. Canada produced 12.1 million tonnes of barley in the 2021-22 crop year, of which 4.7 million tonnes were exported. The export value of barley was $1.6 billion, accounting for 6.5% of the total value of Canadian grain exports.

Canada is the world’s third-largest exporter of barley, after Australia and Russia, with a market share of 13.9% in 2021. Canada mainly exports malting barley, which is used for making beer and other beverages. The global demand for malting barley has been growing in recent years, especially from China, which is the largest importer of Canadian barley. China imported 2.6 million tonnes of Canadian barley in 2021, up from 1.6 million tonnes in 2020.

Canola Exports: A Potential for Growth

Canola is Canada’s most valuable crop in terms of farm cash receipts, generating $12.3 billion in 2021. Canada produced 19.4 million tonnes of canola in the 2021-22 crop year, of which 10.7 million tonnes were exported. The export value of canola was $8.5 billion, accounting for 34.7% of the total value of Canadian grain exports.

Canada is the world’s largest exporter of canola, with a market share of 63.8% in 2021. Canada mainly exports canola seed, which is processed into oil and meal for human and animal consumption. The main markets for Canadian canola are China, Japan, Mexico, and the European Union. However, Canada faces some trade barriers and uncertainties in some of these markets, such as China’s restrictions on canola imports since 2019 due to alleged quality issues.

Canada has a potential to increase its canola production and exports in the future, as canola is a versatile crop that can be used for various purposes, such as biofuels, bioplastics, and cosmetics. Canada also has a competitive advantage in producing high-quality canola that meets the environmental and social standards of consumers around the world.

Canada is a major player in the global grain market, with a strong reputation for producing and exporting high-quality grains that meet the needs and preferences of customers worldwide. The Canadian grain industry contributes significantly to the national economy and supports thousands of jobs across the country.

However, Canada also faces some challenges and risks in maintaining and expanding its market share, such as climate change impacts on crop yields and quality, trade disputes and barriers with some key partners, and increased competition from other suppliers. Therefore, Canada needs to continue investing in research and innovation, diversifying its markets and products, and enhancing its trade relations and agreements to ensure the long-term sustainability and growth of its grain sector.


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