Highest Producer Of Wheat

Highest Producer Of Wheat

10 Countries That Produce the Most Wheat in the World

Wheat is a staple food for millions of people around the world. It is the second most-produced cereal for human consumption, after rice. But which countries are the top wheat producers? Here is a list of the 10 countries that produce the most wheat in the world, based on their total yield in tonnes from 2000 to 2020.

1. China

China is the world’s largest wheat producer, with more than 2.4 billion tonnes of wheat harvested in the last two decades. That accounts for about 17% of the global wheat production in that period. China mainly uses its wheat for domestic consumption, as it is the world’s largest consumer of wheat as well. China grows various types of wheat, such as common wheat, durum wheat, and club wheat, in different regions of the country.


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2. India

India is the second-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 1 billion tonnes of wheat produced in the last 20 years. India’s wheat production has increased significantly over the years, thanks to improved varieties, irrigation, and fertilization. India also consumes most of its wheat domestically, as it is a major ingredient in many Indian dishes, such as roti, paratha, naan, and puri.

3. Russia

Russia is the third-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 850 million tonnes of wheat grown in the last two decades. Russia is also the world’s largest wheat exporter, supplying about 20% of the global wheat trade in 2021. However, Russia’s recent invasion of Ukraine has caused disruptions and uncertainties in the global wheat market, as both countries are major wheat producers and exporters.

4. United States

The United States is the fourth-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 490 million tonnes of wheat harvested in the last 20 years. The United States grows mainly common wheat and durum wheat, which are used for making bread, pasta, cereal, and other products. The United States is also a major wheat exporter, accounting for about 15% of the global wheat trade in 2021.

5. Canada

Canada is the fifth-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 350 million tonnes of wheat produced in the last two decades. Canada grows mainly common wheat and durum wheat, which are used for making bread, pasta, and other products. Canada is also a major wheat exporter, accounting for about 10% of the global wheat trade in 2021.

6. France

France is the sixth-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 300 million tonnes of wheat grown in the last two decades. France grows mainly common wheat and durum wheat, which are used for making bread, pasta, and other products. France is also a major wheat exporter, accounting for about 8% of the global wheat trade in 2021.

7. Pakistan

Pakistan is the seventh-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 250 million tonnes of wheat harvested in the last 20 years. Pakistan grows mainly common wheat and club wheat, which are used for making bread, chapati, and other products. Pakistan also consumes most of its wheat domestically, as it is a staple food for many Pakistanis.

8. Ukraine

Ukraine is the eighth-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 240 million tonnes of wheat produced in the last two decades. Ukraine grows mainly common wheat and durum wheat, which are used for making bread, pasta, and other products. Ukraine is also a major wheat exporter, accounting for about 7% of the global wheat trade in 2021. However, Ukraine’s recent conflict with Russia has affected its wheat production and export.

9. Germany

Germany is the ninth-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 220 million tonnes of wheat grown in the last two decades. Germany grows mainly common wheat and durum wheat, which are used for making bread, pasta, and other products. Germany is also a major wheat exporter, accounting for about 6% of the global wheat trade in 2021.


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10. Turkey

Turkey is the tenth-largest wheat producer in the world, with more than 200 million tonnes of wheat harvested in the last 20 years. Turkey grows mainly common wheat and durum wheat, which are used for making bread, pasta, and other products. Turkey also consumes most of its wheat domestically, as it is a staple food for many Turks.

The Top Wheat Producers in the World

Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops in the world, providing food for billions of people. Wheat production varies from year to year, depending on factors such as weather, pests, diseases, and market demand. In this blog post, we will look at the top wheat producers in the world, based on data from 2020, and how they contribute to the global wheat supply and demand.

China: The Largest Wheat Producer

China is the world’s largest wheat producer, with a total output of 134.3 million tonnes in 2020. China has been the top wheat producer since 1998, when it surpassed India. China accounts for about 17.7% of the global wheat production, and consumes most of its wheat domestically. China mainly grows winter wheat in the northern and central regions, where the climate is suitable for wheat cultivation. China’s wheat production is influenced by factors such as government policies, input costs, crop rotation, and environmental issues.

India: The Second-Largest Wheat Producer

India is the second-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 107.6 million tonnes in 2020. India accounts for about 14.2% of the global wheat production, and is also one of the largest wheat consumers in the world. India mainly grows spring wheat in the northern and central regions, where the irrigation facilities are well-developed. India’s wheat production is influenced by factors such as monsoon rainfall, minimum support prices, input subsidies, and public procurement.

Russia: The Third-Largest Wheat Producer

Russia is the third-largest wheat producer in the world, with a total output of 85.9 million tonnes in 2020. Russia accounts for about 11.3% of the global wheat production, and is also the largest wheat exporter in the world. Russia mainly grows winter wheat in the southern and western regions, where the soil and climate are favorable for wheat cultivation. Russia’s wheat production is influenced by factors such as weather variability, fertilizer use, crop protection, and export policies.

Wheat is a vital crop for global food security, as it provides essential nutrients and calories for millions of people around the world. The top three wheat producers in the world are China, India, and Russia, which together produce more than 40% of the world’s wheat. These countries have different agro-climatic conditions, production systems, and market dynamics that affect their wheat production and trade. Understanding these factors can help us better appreciate the challenges and opportunities facing the global wheat industry.

References:

http://www.fao.org/ag/humannutrition/35978-02317b979a686a57aa4593304ffc17f06.pdf

http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/web/FILES/Publications/1102_wheat_genome_case_study.pdf

http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/104/03/0286.pdf

https://www.ipipotash.org/udocs/ipi-bulletin-17-cereals.pdf

https://doi.org/10.1093%2Fjxb%2Fert147

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1075255

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/08/top-10-countries-produce-most-wheat/
https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/wheat-production-by-country

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/08/top-10-countries-produce-most-wheat/

https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/wheat-production-by-country



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