7 Reasons Why You Should Import Goods from the EU
If you are looking for new markets to source your products from, you might want to consider importing goods from the EU. The EU is one of the largest and most diverse trading blocs in the world, with 27 member states and a population of over 440 million. Importing goods from the EU can offer you many benefits, such as:
1. Lower or zero import duties
The EU has a common customs tariff that applies to all imports from non-EU countries. Depending on the product and the country of origin, you may benefit from lower or zero import duties under various preferential arrangements, such as free trade agreements, generalized system of preferences (GSP), or autonomous tariff quotas. You can check the applicable duty rates and other import measures for your products on the EU Customs Tariff (TARIC) database .
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2. Reduced administrative costs and formalities
The EU has a single market that allows the free movement of goods within its borders. This means that once your goods have cleared customs in one EU member state, you can move them to any other EU member state without further customs checks or fees. You also benefit from simplified and harmonized customs procedures and documentation for importing goods into the EU.
3. Access to a large and diverse market
The EU is one of the world’s biggest economies, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of over 13 trillion euros in 2020. It is also a major importer of goods, with imports worth over 1.8 trillion euros in 2020. By importing goods from the EU, you can tap into a large and diverse market that offers opportunities for various sectors and products, such as machinery, chemicals, textiles, food, and beverages.
4. High quality and safety standards
The EU has strict rules and regulations for ensuring the quality and safety of the products that enter its market. These rules cover aspects such as product labeling, packaging, certification, testing, and traceability. By importing goods from the EU, you can be assured that they meet high standards of quality and safety that are recognized and valued by consumers worldwide.
5. Protection from unfair trade practices
The EU has a trade defense policy that aims to protect its market from unfair trade practices by third countries, such as dumping or subsidizing. The EU can impose anti-dumping or countervailing duties on imports that cause injury to its domestic industry or threaten to do so. The EU can also apply safeguard measures to limit imports that cause serious disturbances to its market or sectors.
6. Support for sustainable development
The EU is committed to promoting sustainable development and environmental protection in its trade policy. The EU encourages its trading partners to adhere to international standards and conventions on human rights, labor rights, environmental protection, and good governance. The EU also offers preferential access to its market for developing countries that implement sustainable development policies under the GSP scheme.
7. Opportunities for cooperation and innovation
The EU is not only a trading partner but also a partner for cooperation and innovation. The EU supports various initiatives and programs that foster dialogue, exchange of information, technical assistance, and joint projects with third countries in areas such as research and development, education, culture, digitalization, and climate change.
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How Europe’s import duty affects the global demand for its goods
Europe is one of the largest trading blocs in the world, accounting for 16% of world imports and exports. Its import duty, or the tax levied on goods entering its territory, is an important factor that influences the global demand for its products. In this article, we will examine how Europe’s import duty has changed over time, how it compares to other major economies, and what are its implications for the international trade in goods.
Europe’s import duty over time
According to Eurostat, the official statistical office of the European Union (EU), the average import duty applied by the EU to its trading partners has decreased from 2.3% in 2000 to 1.69% in 2018. This reflects the EU’s commitment to liberalize trade and reduce barriers to market access. The EU has also negotiated several free trade agreements (FTAs) with countries and regions around the world, such as Canada, Japan, South Korea, and Mercosur, which have eliminated or reduced tariffs on a wide range of goods.
However, the EU’s import duty also varies depending on the product category and the origin of the goods. For example, according to Access2Markets, an online portal that provides information on EU trade policy and market access conditions, the EU applies higher tariffs on agricultural products (10.1% on average) than on industrial products (3.8% on average). Moreover, the EU grants preferential tariffs to developing countries under its Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), which aims to support their economic growth and development.
Europe’s import duty compared to other major economies
How does Europe’s import duty compare to other major economies in the world? According to Wikipedia, which cites data from the World Bank, the average weighted import duty applied by China, Japan, and the United States in 2018 was 3.39%, 2.45%, and 1.59%, respectively. This means that Europe has a lower import duty than China and Japan, but a slightly higher one than the United States. However, these figures do not take into account other factors that affect trade costs, such as non-tariff measures (NTMs), exchange rates, transport costs, and logistics.
Implications of Europe’s import duty for the global demand for its goods
What are the implications of Europe’s import duty for the global demand for its goods? In general, a lower import duty makes imported goods cheaper and more competitive in the domestic market, which can stimulate consumer demand and increase welfare. However, a lower import duty also reduces the protection for domestic producers, who may face more competition from foreign suppliers. Therefore, there is a trade-off between protecting domestic industries and promoting free trade.
The impact of Europe’s import duty on the global demand for its goods also depends on the elasticity of demand and supply for those goods. Elasticity measures how responsive consumers and producers are to changes in prices. If the demand or supply for a good is elastic, it means that a small change in price leads to a large change in quantity demanded or supplied. If the demand or supply for a good is inelastic, it means that a large change in price leads to a small change in quantity demanded or supplied.
For example, if Europe lowers its import duty on a good that has an elastic demand, such as luxury cars or clothing, this will lead to a significant increase in the quantity demanded by European consumers and a significant increase in the global demand for that good. On the other hand, if Europe lowers its import duty on a good that has an inelastic demand, such as food or medicine, this will lead to a small increase in the quantity demanded by European consumers and a small increase in the global demand for that good.
Similarly, if Europe lowers its import duty on a good that has an elastic supply, such as electronics or machinery, this will lead to a significant increase in the quantity supplied by foreign producers and a significant increase in the global supply of that good. On the other hand, if Europe lowers its import duty on a good that has an inelastic supply, such as oil or minerals, this will lead to a small increase in the quantity supplied by foreign producers and a small increase in the global supply of that good.
Therefore, to assess how Europe’s import duty affects the global demand for its goods, we need to consider not only the level of tariffs but also the characteristics of the goods and their markets.
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